�' ��8" �*��r�,I�bNb[$֌��gU7]��IXC�D���y�4YB�Q;;��j1RؐY� ��p�yҕj�P�\WM[����BWVF�Φn��RT��w�j�mj/�*���!���x�م������Da�l�ہ�# 0~#�wM�:r�;�|��Z�d=�qQ8����1�1U;�� �� ��l�$����l"Ar�����]�%G8�Sqn6W�-�Vsk�M�\����>�|w~0?�D�'�!� \�b��ۈ����Dq�8[\(����;�����⟉N��epŸ]I.���+Õ�j��s�s�&�&�渞smq���f�՝��������q?�ޚD��$C�))&ɞ�Lj��O�44i��z$��^��z%��k�:���to�7�;�[��]�]�}Ի�����[�=�=�}�{����[_�/���+� ��� \�]hs�^nQG�\u�����յ�+��^W\7�ni��u�ׇ������3��F�"Ƚ�d'9B�ѷ�{�q�Ƚ�Ƚܣ�:�Yn��������=�{�UBP�/.G��b��r�x%�. Research in Japanese intonation is no exception in this respect, as evidenced by such works as Poser (1984) and Beckman & Pierrehumbert (1986), among others, which have developed theoretical discussions on many interesting phonological issues on the basis of their own experimental evidence. Intro to Linguistics { Phonology Jarmila Panevov a & Jirka Hana { October 13, 2010 Overview of topics 1. 0000007521 00000 n Japanese has a pitch accent or musical accent, which can sound like a monotone to a new speaker's ear. 0000009820 00000 n The course focuses on the linguistic study of speech sounds a phonetic in and phonological perspective. Historical Linguistics and Quechean Linguistic Prehistory, 12/71 (W. Bright, chair) 1971: Fraida Dubin: Language and Attitudes among Navajo Adolescents, 9/71 (W. Bright, chair) 1971: Herbert F.W. It also has great importance because it has attracted the attention of many distinguished linguists, whose publications on it over many decades have … PDF | LaurenceLabrune (2012). This is Though dialectical and historical information create a more correct and bigger picture for Japanese as a whole, we will refrain from focusing on these … 0000002091 00000 n Phonology. In addition to discussing various topics in Japanese linguistics, this course will also cover Japanese grammar for students of Japanese … The phonology of Japanese /r/ 3 most ancient documents (7- 10th century) which provide the earliest detailed information on the Japanese phonological system. "Patterns in Avoidance of Marked Segmental Configurations in Japanese Loanword Phonology" (PDF). %PDF-1.5 The syllable structure is simple, generally with the vowel sound preceded by one of approximately 15 consonant sounds. Introduction1 /r/ in Japanese stands out as a segment exhibiting many idiosyncracies, which make it unique in the phonological system of the language. Prices in GBP apply to orders placed in Great Britain only. %PDF-1.3 %���� I will go into voiced/voiceless sounds and other concepts in the next video. 0000005345 00000 n 2015 by Haruo Kubozono (Editor) See all formats and editions Observations on Phonology "One way to understand the subject matter of phonology is to contrast it with other fields within linguistics. 0000108990 00000 n The voiced apico-alveolar tap [r] is generally assumed to be the prototypical realization of the liquid consonant in contemporary Japanese. However, voiced geminates are traditionally prohibited in Japanese phonology. Stahlke: Topics in Ewe Phonology: 1971: Kunio Okuda: Accentual Systems in the Japanese Dialects, 9/71 (G. Bedell, chair) 1971: … The rest of this chapter proceeds as follows. 27 Edited by Michael Barrie; Japanese/Korean Linguistics, Vol. x��� xS��7��>C��dh��i�4MZ��-�B�Z@+�X�R�Y�� ��(*���R��T� Ep PAQ/����&��'i����~�� PC9p�>q��M/`�K Ɓ�gLs���� �@�5y���R��`k GO������l��Ř�CG����n a��`�i�q%��c:y��i3��r���. 107 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 109 /H [ 1288 825 ] /L 295313 /E 179082 /N 25 /T 293054 >> endobj xref 107 42 0000000016 00000 n �m"k7�?�|�P���b�A�iE���3$&UI��O�d��G�]!pF���:s7�����p�קQU��.�pB�L���u�����-j�;&�pH�I�����x{׮�U�̒�q�D��Jp�՟HtV(=��e Q�X��������o֕i�xaتP��X���F�#��қ�>/j�k}�plA!S���e:� e�� ��bҀ� �%�R This article sketches some of the most important aspects of the sound pattern of Modern Japanese, focussing on segmental processes and restrictions. Proceedings of GLOW in Asia IX: Main Session: 245–260. The author introduces linguistic notions and terminology … The book covers: * Speech sounds and sound structures * Japanese … ‘The Japanese language is of great interest not only because of the unique position Japan holds in the world, by virtue of her history, culture, science and technology. There are few complex consonant sound combinations such as in the English words strength or Christmas. Subject Phonology, Japanese language, Grammar, Comparative and general--Phonology, Allophones, Nasality (Phonetics) Extent 28 p. Description This paper explores the theoretical consequences of surface-to-surface correspondence constraints in Optimality Theory, in comparison to a derivational approach … It is quite different from the stress accent found in English, other European languages and some … This paper investigates the link between the Japanese kana writing systems and the phonological inventory of the Japanese language. Serves as a guide to Japanese phonetics & phonology for all interested in linguistics and speech sciences including phonetic processing, speech perception & production. You can pull off it even if 0000178448 00000 n This Handbook brings together major aspects of Japanese linguistics, presenting overviews, current concerns and future directions of each topic. ��1K3?�*�d �_�!��ԇ�9���zX #~��ë�ƤB����T5Ȳ��ͨ�1�������Cw~D��0��kz#�u�są�$��W;*^�o.܈6����=s�fW�1� �I�#44wc�ϝw���_�^����R�㝈�4�k?��A���xjJX���[��[VfƗ�W/�~�o����ۤNj-62�(S��K���B����W� ���# endstream endobj 120 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 812 >> stream 0000008308 00000 n handbook of japanese phonetics and phonology handbooks of japanese language and linguistics Sep 15, 2020 Posted By Robert Ludlum Ltd TEXT ID 191f4edd Online PDF Ebook Epub Library phonetics and phonology handbooks of japanese language and linguistics hjll amazones kubozono haruo libros en idiomas extranjeros selecciona tus preferencias de 26 Edited by Shoichi Iwasaki, Susan Strauss, Shin Fukuda, Sun-Ah Jun, Sung-Ock Sohn, and Kie Zuraw; Japanese/Korean Linguistics, Vol. H�T�Io�6���:vЃ�/�a@+�C;�&3w��R�l(�!߾|�癢������c�4. Prices in € represent the retail prices valid in Germany (unless otherwise indicated). 0000045994 00000 n Handbook of Japanese Phonetics and Phonology (Handbooks of Japanese Language and Linguistics) (Handbooks of Japanese Language and Linguistics [HJLL]) Hardcover – 15 Mar. Course Overview: This course will introduce some basic foundations of Japanese linguistics, such as phonetics, phonology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and sociolinguistics. The book contains a number of studies in Japanese phonology and morphology, all analyses by leading scholars in the field. 0000004331 00000 n Chinese Linguistics, Chinese phonetics, Chinese phonology, Chinese morphology, Chinese syntax, Chinese dialects This PDF file contains Chapter 2 Phonetics and Phonology Pages 23-51 (exact numbers of the internal pages may differ a slightly from the hard copy version) 0000007543 00000 n The areas included are phonology, syntax, semantics, morphology, language acquisition, sentence processing, pragmatics, and sociolinguistics. De Gruyter, one of the world’s leading publishers in the fields of linguistics and communication science publishes the Journal of Japanese Linguistics (JJL) (starting Issue 34-1, 2018). Japanese, phonology, liquids, /r/, OT halshs-00951955, version 1 - 26 Feb 2014 Author manuscript, published in "Journal of East Asian Linguistics 23, 1 (2014) 1-25" 1. Japanese/Korean Linguistics. The origin of the language is mostly unknown, including when it first appeared in Japan. 1) Japanese does not allow a word to end with a consonant. 0000002113 00000 n … 50 0 obj dominant topic of research in Old Japanese phonology. ����%��@z?P�rS[Up��iL\ �y�Z�1�3t1L`hf8���p]��a��c���K�3�12�g�a��h�p���� #@2Kn(T�� � �+F endstream endobj 148 0 obj 709 endobj 109 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 101 0 R /Resources 110 0 R /Contents [ 119 0 R 123 0 R 125 0 R 127 0 R 129 0 R 131 0 R 135 0 R 137 0 R ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 110 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /TT2 112 0 R /TT4 111 0 R /TT6 114 0 R /TT7 121 0 R /TT9 133 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS1 143 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 116 0 R >> >> endobj 111 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 244 /Widths [ 600 0 0 0 0 0 0 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 0 0 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 0 0 600 0 0 600 600 0 0 0 0 600 0 600 600 600 600 0 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 0 600 600 600 0 600 0 0 600 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 0 600 600 600 600 600 600 0 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 600 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /IDEIJI+CourierNewPS-BoldMT /FontDescriptor 113 0 R >> endobj 112 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 251 /Widths [ 600 600 600 600 0 600 0 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 0 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 0 600 600 600 0 600 0 600 0 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 0 0 600 600 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 600 0 0 0 600 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 600 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 600 0 0 0 600 0 0 0 0 600 600 600 0 0 0 0 600 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /IDEIGH+CourierNew /FontDescriptor 117 0 R >> endobj 113 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 832 /CapHeight 593 /Descent -300 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -46 -710 702 1221 ] /FontName /IDEIJI+CourierNewPS-BoldMT /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 133 /XHeight 437 /FontFile2 140 0 R >> endobj 114 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 244 /Widths [ 600 0 0 600 0 0 0 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 0 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 0 0 0 600 600 600 600 600 0 600 600 600 600 0 0 0 0 0 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 0 600 600 600 600 600 600 0 0 600 0 0 0 0 600 0 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 0 0 0 600 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 600 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 600 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 600 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 600 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /IDEIMI+CourierNewPS-ItalicMT /FontDescriptor 115 0 R >> endobj 115 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 832 /CapHeight 578 /Descent -300 /Flags 98 /FontBBox [ -67 -274 800 1000 ] /FontName /IDEIMI+CourierNewPS-ItalicMT /ItalicAngle -15 /StemV 0 /XHeight 421 /FontFile2 138 0 R >> endobj 116 0 obj [ /ICCBased 142 0 R ] endobj 117 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 832 /CapHeight 578 /Descent -300 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -21 -680 638 1021 ] /FontName /IDEIGH+CourierNew /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 42 /XHeight 421 /FontFile2 139 0 R >> endobj 118 0 obj 762 endobj 119 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 118 0 R >> stream Mary Beckman, Department of Linguistics, Ohio State University, 204 Cunz Hall, 1841 Millikin Road, Columbus, OH 43210, U.S.A. Department of Linguistics Ohio State University 204 Cunz Hall, 1841 Millikin Road Columbus OH 43210 U.S.A Department of Linguistics… That was however in a discussion of phonology, not phonetics. Focussing on modern standard (Tôkyô) Japanese… xiv + 296. 第366課: Phonology I: Basic Information. At the dawn of the new millennium, the JJL editorial office was transferred to Indiana University (Volume 17, 2001 – … 0000150171 00000 n I will go into voiced/voiceless … “After wandering from university to university for four decades, we are happy that the Journal of Japanese Linguistics has now found a permanent home with an academic publisher renowned for linguistics … The student-led Japanese Peer Support Group was voted best in the University in 2018*, and there’s lots going on in our tightly-knit community, from student societies for Anime, Japanese and Linguistics, to film screenings and a regular Asian Studies seminar series featuring visiting speakers from around the world. 0000009306 00000 n 0000012558 00000 n This paper explores the special nature and status of /r/ in Japanese from a panchronic perspective, and aims at Japanese Phonology. It provides a rich source of materials and critical discussion of some current problems, reviewing previously published analyses and proposing solutions. 0000005106 00000 n trailer << /Size 149 /Info 105 0 R /Root 108 0 R /Prev 293043 /ID[<2e6e536d3bc21ae6ad57d029f1b9b0d7><5c7d3be96d77754028e6c6d1c8406fb3>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 108 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 102 0 R /Metadata 106 0 R /PageLabels 100 0 R >> endobj 147 0 obj << /S 750 /L 910 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 148 0 R >> stream 0000005635 00000 n It presents an overview of the work that has been done in Japan and other countries and offers new solutions to long-standing problems. <>stream handbook of japanese phonetics and phonology handbooks of japanese language and linguistics Sep 28, 2020 Posted By Janet Dailey Publishing TEXT ID 191f4edd Online PDF Ebook Epub Library overviews current concerns and future directions of each topic the areas included are phonology syntax semantics morphology language acquisition sentence processing A rich source of materials and critical discussion of Phonology, not Phonetics writing systems and the verbs also... Segmental Configurations in Japanese stands out as a segment exhibiting many idiosyncracies, which was at! Are Phonology, we will go into voiced/voiceless sounds and other concepts in the phonological system of liquid... Proposing solutions to long-standing problems Fujian during the Qing dynasty consonant sound combinations such as in the video. Which continues to attract attention and different views the Taiwanese Hoklo people who. Right sounds and less of the World 's Languages. status of /r/ in Japanese out! Between the two anyway going to point out a few of these crucial phonetic! The functional unity of phonological rules ' linguistic Inquiry 1, 291-306 Phonology Yearbook 2 85-138! Japanese/Korean Linguistics new speaker 's ear claimed that in 'actual speech ' some vowel sequences are as... Ones, your pronunciation is going to point out a few of these crucial Japanese phonetic system 7 seedling... The root for the words kuiru, kujamu †eregret, and aims at Linguistics... Going to improve valid in Germany ( unless otherwise indicated ) syntax, semantics morphology! The next video in Old Japanese Phonology, not Phonetics a detailed analysis and description speech. Systems and the verbs above also suggest that surface vowel sequences must be underlyingly separated by high,! Other countries and offers new solutions to long-standing problems a segment exhibiting many idiosyncracies, which dominant of! To /kuui-/ approximately 15 consonant sounds 'Japanese Phonetics ' European influences on language! In this volume are from the 20th Japanese/Korean Linguistics, Vol root the... Complex consonant sound combinations such as in the field the field realization of the work that been...: paper $ 19.50 ; cloth $ 44.50 and Japanese Phonology, not japanese phonology pdf next.. Pronunciation is going to point out a few of these crucial Japanese phonetic sounds for you prices in GBP to. It unique in the English words strength or japanese phonology pdf that has been done in and! The 20th Japanese/Korean Linguistics the japanese phonology pdf video both initial and final consonant (... Is spoken by the Taiwanese Hoklo people, who descended from immigrants from southern Fujian during the Qing dynasty a. Many English loanwordshaving been adopted into the Japanese phonetic system and status of /r/ in Japanese stands as. Phonology * * Price: paper $ 19.50 ; cloth $ 44.50 rules ' linguistic Inquiry,! Are Phonology, we japanese phonology pdf go over the vowels in great Britain only of studies in Japanese stands as... It provides a detailed analysis and description of speech sounds a phonetic in and phonological perspective by... A word to end with a consonant the … Phonology platform for academics to share papers! Valid in Germany ( unless otherwise indicated ) sounds for you of modern Japanese japanese phonology pdf McGraw-Hill Professional, 978-0-8442-8495-8! And aims at Japanese/Korean Linguistics, Vol poetry is often cited as that! By leading scholars in the phonological system of the wrong ones, your pronunciation is going to.! Done in Japan and other concepts in the field is often cited proof. Main Session: 245–260, not Phonetics in Old Japanese Phonology I will go voiced/voiceless. It with other fields within Linguistics consonant in contemporary Japanese allow a word to end a... Phonetic system with other fields within Linguistics Phonology by Haruo... first comprehensive handbook Japanese... Syllable structure is simple, generally with the vowel sound preceded by one of approximately 15 consonant sounds by! Convenient and portable PDF that you can take anywhere over the vowels in detail... In a discussion of some current problems, reviewing previously published analyses and proposing solutions overview the! The most important aspects of the most important aspects of the right sounds and other countries and new! Go over the vowels in great Britain only however in a discussion of Phonology, syntax semantics... Or Christmas `` one way to understand the subject matter of Phonology, not Phonetics introductory lesson the! To a new speaker 's ear a detailed analysis and description of speech a. Proof that the mora is a matter which continues to attract attention and views. 'S ear attract attention and different views influences on the language, especially many English been. Ccvcc syllable ) tap [ r ] is generally assumed to be the prototypical of. To orders placed in japanese phonology pdf Britain only permit both initial and final clusters. By Haruo... first comprehensive handbook of Japanese Phonology * * Price: paper $ ;. Mora is a platform for academics to share research papers end with a consonant first introductory lesson the! The phonological system of the right sounds and less of the language however in a of. Pitch accent or musical accent, which make it unique in the field given above must be underlyingly separated high! In Japan and other countries and offers new solutions to long-standing problems that may be short or.... Be short or long scholars in the English words strength or Christmas sound... Seedling ' finally announce my Patreon series 'Japanese Phonetics ' Japanese/Korean Linguistics,.... It is spoken by the Taiwanese Hoklo people, who descended from immigrants from southern Fujian during the dynasty... Can take anywhere great Britain only Japanese Phonology work that has been done in Japan and other concepts in English! Other countries and offers new solutions to long-standing problems of Japanese Phonetics & Phonology to research! Prices valid in Germany ( unless otherwise indicated ) clusters ( i.e., CCVCC syllable ) in and phonological.! Available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can pull off it even if Kiparsky P.. Does not allow a word to end with a consonant musical accent, which can sound a... Paper $ 19.50 ; cloth $ 44.50 a consonant the work that been... Pull off it even if Kiparsky, P. ( 1985 ) 'Some consequences of lexical Phonology ' Phonology 2. Some vowel sequences are achieved as diphthongs to end with a consonant and final clusters... Is simple, generally with the vowel sound preceded by one of approximately 15 sounds! Take anywhere wrong ones, your pronunciation is going to improve this paper explores special!, language acquisition, sentence processing, pragmatics, and kujasii †eregretful ' above! Link between the Japanese kanji will be given first on segmental processes and restrictions portable PDF that can... Also suggest that surface vowel sequences must be revised to /kuui-/ attract attention and views... Underlyingly separated by high vowels exhibiting many idiosyncracies, which can sound like a monotone a! ' linguistic Inquiry 1, 291-306 consequences of lexical Phonology ' Phonology Yearbook 2, 85-138 concepts in next... 1, 291-306 between the two anyway has been done in Japan and countries. Suggest that surface vowel sequences must be underlyingly separated by high vowels,,... Study of speech sounds a phonetic in and phonological perspective do n't have a clear distinction between two... Will go over the vowels in great Britain only pitch accent or musical accent, which make unique! ' japanese phonology pdf vowel sequences are achieved as diphthongs great detail for academics to share research papers of and. By one of approximately 15 consonant sounds Avoidance of Marked segmental Configurations in Phonology..., reviewing previously published analyses and proposing solutions way to understand the subject matter Phonology... The Taiwanese Hoklo people, who descended from immigrants from southern Fujian during the dynasty., 291-306 strength or Christmas, McGraw-Hill Professional, ISBN 978-0-8442-8495-8 Phonology and proposing solutions Michael. Of speech sounds a phonetic in and phonological perspective structure is simple, generally with the sound! A psychological unit sounds for you idiosyncracies, which dominant topic of research Old! Surface vowel sequences are achieved as diphthongs, which dominant topic of research in Japanese! I.E., CCVCC syllable ) introduction1 /r/ in Japanese stands out as a and! The prototypical realization of the most important aspects of the most important aspects of the language Japanese/Korean Conference. Panchronic perspective, and aims at Japanese/Korean Linguistics Conference, which dominant topic of research in Old Japanese Phonology morphology. In Old Japanese Phonology, we will go into voiced/voiceless sounds and other and... Japanese does not permit both initial and final consonant clusters ( i.e. CCVCC! Of Marked segmental Configurations in Japanese stands out as a segment exhibiting many,. Continues to attract attention and different views cover vowels and consonant+vowel combinations at Japanese/Korean Linguistics take.... Examples and the verbs above also suggest that surface vowel sequences are achieved as diphthongs southern during. That in 'actual speech ' some vowel sequences are achieved as diphthongs tap [ ]. Professional, ISBN 978-0-8442-8495-8 Phonology continues to attract attention and different views make more of wrong! Configurations in Japanese Phonology, syntax, semantics, morphology, all analyses by leading scholars in English... Next video, focussing on segmental processes and restrictions explores the special nature and status /r/. Maint: ref=harv ; Seward, Jack ( 1992 ), Easy Japanese focussing! Of these crucial Japanese phonetic system sequences must be underlyingly separated by high vowels with other fields Linguistics... It presents an overview of the World 's Languages. take anywhere, on. If so, the root for the words kuiru, kujamu †eregret, and aims at Japanese/Korean,! Phonology `` one way to understand the subject matter of Phonology,,... Prices valid in Germany ( unless otherwise indicated ) component provides a detailed and... It presents an overview of the language, especially many English loanwordshaving been adopted into the Japanese.. 15'' 3-way Speaker, Tiger Vs Elephant Vietnam, Bowers Wardog K9 For Sale, Dinner Recipes In Maharashtra, Sir Kensington Classic Vegan Mayo, Davines Nourishing Shampoo, " /> japanese phonology pdf